Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.
Laparoscopy, also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, is a medical technique that has revolutionized the field of surgery. Unlike traditional open surgery that involves large incisions, laparoscopy employs small incisions through which a laparoscope, a thin, flexible tube equipped with a camera and light, is inserted into the body. This allows surgeons to visualize and operate on internal organs with precision and accuracy.
The benefits of laparoscopy are manifold. Firstly, the smaller incisions result in reduced trauma to the patient's body, leading to shorter hospital stays, less post-operative pain, and faster recovery times compared to open surgery. Moreover, the risk of infection is significantly lowered due to the reduced exposure of internal organs to external contaminants.
Laparoscopy has found applications in various medical specialties, including gynecology, urology, gastroenterology, and general surgery. Common procedures performed using laparoscopy include gallbladder removal, appendectomy, hysterectomy, and kidney surgeries, among others.
The improved visualization provided by the laparoscope allows for more accurate diagnosis and treatment, making it a preferred choice for surgeons worldwide. Additionally, laparoscopy has cosmetic benefits, as the smaller scars are less noticeable, enhancing the patient's overall experience.
Large incisions can be avoided during laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope.
This is a small tube that has a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor.
The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include: